Apr 072021

The NRFA also refers to a series of agreements that, at the time of its adoption, were the basis of the arms control and disarmament regime. They have been complemented by confidence and security measures in Europe, including military transparency. These agreements are the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE), the Open Skies Treaty (OST) and the Vienna Document (VD). These agreements are recognized by the NRFA as a basis for maintaining peace and trust in the OSCE region. Compared to Russia`s record since the NATO-Russia law, the “current and predictable security environment” in Europe has changed considerably since 1997. This alone justifies the permanent revocation of NATO troops in Central and Eastern Europe. On 6 June 2011, NATO and Russia participated in their first joint combat aircraft exercise entitled “Vigilant Skies 2011”. Since the Cold War, this is only the second joint military undertaking between the Alliance and Russia, the first being a joint submarine exercise that began on 30 May 2011. [17] The NATO Summit in Warsaw in July 2016 approved plans to deploy four battalions of 3,000 to 4,000 troops in turn in the Baltics and eastern Poland until early 2017, strengthening air and sea patrols to reassure allies who were once part of the Soviet bloc. [77] The adopted communiqué stated that the decision was to “clearly demonstrate the solidarity, determination and capacity of the Allies to act, within the framework of our overall position, by provoking an immediate response from allies to any aggression.” [78] The summit confirmed NATO`s previous decision to “suspend all practical civil and military cooperation between NATO and Russia, while remaining open to political dialogue with Russia.” [79] The Heads of State and Government condemned “the continuation and scale of Russia`s military construction” in Crimea and expressed concern about “Russia`s efforts and military reconstruction projects in the Black Sea region”.” [80] They also stated that “Russia`s considerable military presence and support to the Syrian regime” and its military rearmament in the eastern Mediterranean “represent other risks and challenges to the security of Allies and others.” [81] NATO leaders expressed readiness to strengthen support for Ukraine: at a meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Commission, Allied leaders discussed the security situation with Ukraine`s President Poroshenko, welcomed the government`s reform plans and approved a comprehensive aid package to Ukraine that should help “make Ukraine`s defence and security institutions more effective.

more effective and accountable.” [82] At the Russo-NATO Council meeting at the level of permanent representatives, which took place shortly after the Warsaw Summit, Russia urged NATO to step up its military activities in the Black Sea. [83] Russia has also agreed to turn on its military pilots flying over the Baltics, cockpit transmitters called transponders, when NATO aircraft acted in the same way. [84] The OSCE, with its 57 members, including Sweden, Finland and Ukraine, which are not NATO members, is a much more appropriate forum than nrc. However, acerbic clashes between Ukraine and Russia within the OSCE are cited by some allies as one of the causes of the impasse in which the organization is hiding and as an argument for discussions in other formats. Recognizing the importance of deepening contacts between the legislative representations of the states participating in this law, NATO and Russia will also promote broader dialogue and increased cooperation between the North Atlantic Assembly and the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. The Permanent Joint Council will be the main venue for consultations between NATO and Russia in times of crisis or for any other situation that undermines peace and stability. Special sessions of the Council will be held in addition to its periodic meetings to allow for rapid consultations in the event of an emergency.

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