Farc Ceasefire Agreement

Dec 082020

The decommissioning would be phased in over 6 months (180 days) after the formal signing of the final agreement (“D-Day”). From the fifth to the thirtieth day after D-Day, the FARC will go to the ZVTN to transport all their individual and secondary weapons, militia armament, grenades and ammunition. The formal dismantling of weapons would begin as soon as all FARC members reached the areas. The collection and storage of weapons would be done in three phases: 30% of the weapons per D -90, an additional 30% of the weapons by D-120 and 40% by D-150. At the latest with D-180, six months after the signing of the Final Agreement, the United Nations would have certified that it had completed the arms production process and duly informed the public. The bilateral ceasefire and the operation of the zones would end at D-180. The partial agreement between the FARC and the government on illicit drugs, announced in May 2014, reflects this paradigmatic shift from the traditional militaristic approach to voluntary replacement of illicit crops and social transformations in the affected areas. The main measures announced are: [104][117][118] After the end of the armed conflict, the government would grant “as broad an amnesty as possible” (Article 6 of the Protocol II of the Geneva Conventions) to rebels who have signed a final peace agreement with the State (rebellion crimes) and to those who have been accused or convicted of political and related crimes. as permitted by the Colombian Constitution. Amnesty or pardon does not exempt you from the obligation to contribute, individually or collectively, to the clarification of the truth. An amnesty law passed by Congress would clearly define crimes eligible for amnesty or pardon and those who are not eligible, as well as the definition of related crimes. Political crimes include rebellion, sedition, military insurgency, illegal possession of weapons, death in peoples- combat, agreement to commit a crime for the purpose of rebellion and other related crimes. Related offences would be defined by an inclusive and restrictive test; The first is offences specifically related to the development of rebellion during the conflict, offences for which the passive object is the state and all measures to facilitate, support, finance or conceal the development of the rebellion.

[123] In all circumstances, crimes against humanity, genocide, serious war crimes, hostage-taking or other serious confinement, torture, extrajudicial executions, enforced disappearances, violent sex and other forms of sexual violence, abduction of children, expulsion and recruitment of minors would not be pardoned or pardoned. [122] At least 500 social leaders were killed between the signing of the agreement and April 2019. [132] Former FARC leader Rodrigo Londoo said in an open letter to Colombian President Ivén Duque in June 2019 that about 160 veterans and their families had been killed since the peace agreement was signed. [133] In the final agreement, it was agreed that the sentences imposed on all FARC fighters who have been convicted of offences committed under the CEP jurisdiction will be suspended until the CEP has been formed and dealt with the case of the person concerned.

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